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The reactions on the surface of the ceramic ball with water occur every fraction of a second at very quick speed. In this case, electrons are very unstable and used to make H+ and OH- from H-O-H by catalyst and is used in the formula No.4 [HO2 + H2 →H + H2O2]. All these reactions from formula No.1 to No.4 occur in every second.
The agglomerates (groupings) of water molecules are fragmented into smaller elements (of a smaller size), thus increasing the water’s dissolution power and enabling better penetration into the fabric’s pores for the purpose of elimination dirt.
The Cluster (water mole group) of water disconnects the coupling of hydrogen and oxygen, and becomes a small, 5-6 cluster. As the Cluster gets smaller, the dirt dissolution power to seep through clothing gets stronger. The surfactant ‘effects’ increase, so that washing with only a small amount of cleaning agents becomes possible (see ingredients). The large molecular clusters of water are changed to smaller molecular clusters by magnetic and far infrared rays emitted from the mineral ceramics. Using NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance) testing, it showed that, while the NMR of normal tap water, for example, is 120~130Hz, it reduced to 50~100Hz when the water passed through the laundry ball.
One of the ceramics contained in the Laundry Ball emits infrared rays that are absorbed by the water molecules. The temperature rises, thus increasing the molecular movements. The activity of the water thus increases, as does its cleaning power (suspending the soiling).
Far Infrared Ray (FIR) is a type of electromagnetic wave that is the invisible to our eyes. The sun’s ray is classified into two sections – visible rays and invisible rays. The wavelength of FIR is much longer than that of visible rays and we can’t see invisible FIR. It has the native features that heat-action is large and penetration is strong, as well as resonance action to the molecule of organic substance is strong. From the particle physical science point of view, resonance means the phenomena in which the particles consist of an atom (=hadron) which collapse with their quite short life. When that happens, the hadrons collapse by the medium of nuclear force. The natural features of above mentioned FIR enable the activation of water, accelerate the thermal motion of a molecule and also accelerate the activation of dissolving material among molecules.
This ceramic ball emits FIR from the composition of many inorganic materials. Their emission power is 357W/m2.μm at 37oC. Every material emits FIR. Our ceramic ball emits high energy in the range of 5-20μm, which resonates the water and activates the water molecules. The FIR test report of ceramic ball shows that FIR energy of ceramic ball compare with black body. Generally, FIR of normal plastic or metal is 10~80% but our ceramic is over 90% in comparison with black body.
Water molecules, activated by the Laundry Ball, are absorbed and provide protection against the phenomena of oxidation, thus preserving the fabrics’ elasticity (and colors).
The ceramic beads in the Laundry Ball are made with various kinds of the optimizing natural ceramic material compositions such as K, Na, Al2O3, SiO2, etc. Under high temperature, in order to reduce the surface tension, it increases surface active power and PH value for most laundry conditions. As a result of that, water molecules, activated by the Laundry Ball and absorbed into the fabrics, prevent the erosion of electrolyte and delay the denaturalization and oxidation of the substance. Therefore, it minimizes the damage of fabrics and preserves the fabrics’ elasticity (and colors).
The small-aggregate structure of the water molecules and the presence of active oxygen and hydrogen peroxide enable a bleaching and anti-bacterial action to be obtained. This destroys mold and pathogenic organisms (bacteria) and eliminates unpleasant smells.
Although various germs live in the water, it is difficult for the fetid microbes to live in the water where clusters are small. And due to its activated oxygen, the self-cleansing power of the water will be increased. Since the oxygen (used as a catalyzer accelerating the chemical reactions such as dissolution, synthesis and oxidization), holds the bio-protection system that protects the matter from the mold and bacteria, it demonstrates bacteria-abolishing and deodorization effects for the bacteria and the cause for bad smell and deterioration in quality.
As it contains no detergent, the Laundry Ball reduces the pollution generated by washing machine waste water.
This includes synthetic detergents, because it is made with ceramic materials which do not easily dissolve or break down. Each of these different ceramic beads are composed of a combination of different minerals and ingredients which are fired at extreme temperatures and acquire different qualities/capabilities in their reaction with water.
In contact with water, the ceramics contained inside the Laundry Ball release electrons, thus forming active oxygen and hydrogen peroxide (oxygenated water).
The water that comes in contact with the laundry ball either gains or loses electrons. The reaction generates powerful oxidized reducing power. The term oxidized reducing power is the phenomena that gives or receives electrons to a substance. When a substance loses electrons by combining with oxygen, it produces what is called oxidization, and the process of receiving the electrons that lose oxygen is called reduction. The electrons, released from the ceramic, dissolve the water (H2O), and perform purification repeatedly with the chemical reaction of the hydrogen-generated ion and the active oxygen provided with electrons.
① H2O + e- → H+ (hydrogen ion) + OH (hydroxyl group ion)
② O2 + e- → O2 - (active oxygen)
③ O2 - + H2 O → OH- + HO2
HO2 + 2H+ → H+ + H2O2 (oxygenated water)
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